Kursus IELTS – Saat mempelajari IELTS, kamu tentu menggunakan banyak referensi. Salah satu buku yang paling sering menjadi rujukan adalah Barron’s IELTS.
Apakah kamu juga sering menggunakan buku tersebut?
Barron’s IELTS: International English Language Testing System adalah buku yang memuat materi bahasa Inggris yang diuji dalam IELTS. Buku materi ini membahas setiap seksi dalam IELTS, yakni Listening, Reading, Writing, dan Speaking.
Buku tersebut membahas dua jenis IELTS, yakni Academic dan General Training.
Berikut informasi tentang identitas buku.
|Judul||Barron’s IELTS: International English Language Testing System|
- 4 latihan soal IELTS Academic berdasarkan soal tes terbaru
- 2 latihan soal IELTS General Training
- Rekaman audio untuk seluruh seksi ujian, terutama Listening Section, dalam bentuk MP3 CD
- Pembahasan seluruh latihan soal
- Skrip audio untuk Listening Section
IELTS adalah tes kemampuan bahasa Inggris yang digunakan lebih dari 7.000 institusi pendidikan, instansi pemerintahan, dan organisasi profesional di 135 negara.
Soal-soal IELTS berbentuk:
- Multiple Choice
- Identifying Information (True/False/Not Given)
- Identifying a Writer’s Views/Claims (Yes/No/Not Given)
- Matching Information
- Matching Headings
- Matching Features
- Matching Sentence Endings
- Summary Completion
- Note Completion
- Table Completion
- Flow-chart Completion
- Diagram Label Completion
- Short Answer Questions
Contoh Soal IELTS
Berikut ini contoh soal seperti yang dicantumkan dalam situs resmi IELTS.
Academic Reading Multiple Choice (one answer)
[Note: This is an extract from a Part 1 text about older people in the workforce.] © The Economist Newspaper Limited, London, 1999
The general assumption is that older workers are paid more in spite of, rather than because of, their productivity. That might partly explain why, when employers are under pressure to cut costs, they persuade a 55-year old to take early retirement. Take away seniority-based pay scales, and older workers may become a much more attractive employment proposition. But most employers and many workers are uncomfortable with the idea of reducing someone’s pay in later life – although manual workers on piece-rates often earn less as they get older. So retaining the services of older workers may mean employing them in different ways.
One innovation was devised by IBM Belgium. Faced with the need to cut staff costs, and having decided to concentrate cuts on 55 to 60-year olds, IBM set up a separate company called Skill Team, which re-employed any of the early retired who wanted to go on working up to the age of 60. An employee who joined Skill Team at the age of 55 on a five-year contract would work for 58% of his time, over the full period, for 88% of his last IBM salary. The company offered services to IBM, thus allowing it to retain access to some of the intellectual capital it would otherwise have lost.
The best way to tempt the old to go on working may be to build on such ‘bridge’ jobs: part- time or temporary employment that creates a more gradual transition from full-time work to retirement. Studies have found that, in the United States, nearly half of all men and women who had been in full-time jobs in middle age moved into such ‘bridge’ jobs at the end of their working lives. In general, it is the best-paid and worst-paid who carry on working. There seem to be two very different types of bridge job-holder – those who continue working because they have to and those who continue working because they want to, even though they could afford to retire.
If the job market grows more flexible, the old may find more jobs that suit them. Often, they will be self-employed. Sometimes, they may start their own businesses: a study by David Storey of Warwick University found that in Britain 70% of businesses started by people over 55 survived, compared with an overall national average of only 19%. But whatever pattern of employment they choose, in the coming years the skills of these ‘grey workers’ will have to be increasingly acknowledged and rewarded.
Questions 1 – 4
Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.
Write the correct letter in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.
1 In paragraph one, the writer suggests that companies could consider
A abolishing pay schemes that are based on age.
B avoiding pay that is based on piece-rates.
C increasing pay for older workers.
D equipping older workers with new skills.
2 Skill Team is an example of a company which
A offers older workers increases in salary.
B allows people to continue working for as long as they want.
C allows the expertise of older workers to be put to use.
D treats older and younger workers equally.
3 According to the writer, ‘bridge’ jobs
A tend to attract people in middle-salary ranges.
B are better paid than some full-time jobs.
C originated in the United States.
D appeal to distinct groups of older workers.
4 David Storey’s study found that
A people demand more from their work as they get older.
B older people are good at running their own businesses.
C an increasing number of old people are self-employed.
D few young people have their own businesses.
Academic Reading Multiple Choice (one answer) Answers
1 A abolishing pay schemes that are based on age
2 C allows the expertise of older workers to be put to use
3 D appeal to distinct groups of older workers
4 B older people are good at running their own business
Academic Reading Summary Completion (selecting words from the text)
[Note: This is an extract from a Part 3 text about the ‘Plain English’ movement, which promotes the use of clear English.]
‘The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language’, David Crystal, 3rd Edition, © Cambridge University Press, 2010.
The instructions accompanying do-it-yourself products are regularly cited as a source of unnecessary expense or frustration. Few companies seem to test their instructions by having them followed by a first-time user. Often, essential information is omitted, steps in the construction process are taken for granted, and some degree of special knowledge is assumed. This is especially worrying in any fields where failure to follow correct procedures can be dangerous.
Objections to material in plain English have come mainly from the legal profession. Lawyers point to the risk of ambiguity inherent in the use of everyday language for legal or official documents, and draw attention to the need for confidence in legal formulations, which can come only from using language that has been tested in courts over the course of centuries. The campaigners point out that there has been no sudden increase in litigation as a consequence of the increase in plain English materials.
Similarly, professionals in several different fields have defended their use of technical and complex language as being the most precise means of expressing technical or complex ideas. This is undoubtedly true: scientists, doctors, bankers and others need their jargon in order to communicate with each other succinctly and unambiguously. But when it comes to addressing the non-specialist consumer, the campaigners argue, different criteria must apply.
Questions 1 – 5
Complete the summary below.
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.
Consumers often complain that they experience a feeling of 1 ………… when trying to put together do-it-yourself products which have not been tested by companies on a 2 ………… . In situations where not keeping to the correct procedures could affect safety issues, it is especially important that 3 ………… information is not left out and no assumptions are made about a stage being self-evident or the consumer having a certain amount of 4 ………… .
Lawyers, however, have raised objections to the use of plain English. They feel that it would result in ambiguity in documents and cause people to lose faith in 5 ………… , as it would mean departing from language that has been used in the courts for a very long time.
Academic Reading Summary Completion (selecting words from the text) Answers
2 first-time user
4 special knowledge
5 legal formulations
Speaking sample task – Part 1
Part 1 Introduction and interview
[This part of the test begins with the examiner introducing himself or herself and checking the candidate’s identification. It then continues as an interview.]
Let’s talk about your home town or village.
• What kind of place is it?
• What’s the most interesting part of your town/village?
• What kind of jobs do the people in your town/village do?
• Would you say it’s a good place to live? (Why?)
Let’s move on to talk about accommodation.
• Tell me about the kind of accommodation you live in?
• How long have you lived there?
• What do you like about living there?
• What sort of accommodation would you most like to live in?
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