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Pengertian Narrative Text Bahasa Inggris, Super Lengkap!

pengertian narrative bahasa Inggris

Menulis teks narrative dalam bahasa Inggris itu susah-susah gampang lho. Apalagi kalau kita masih dalam tahap pemula. Boro-boro menulis dalam bahasa Inggris, pake bahasa Indonesia saja masih susah!

Tapi, dalam perjalanan belajar bahasa Inggris ini pasti kamu akan menemui materi tentang jenis teks ini. Jadi, tetap wajib untuk dipelajari ya!

Feelings Journaling GIF by Rewire.org

Narrative text adalah jenis genre yang rangkaian peristiwa atau ceritanya dari waktu ke waktu dan dijabarkan dengan urutan awal, tengah dan akhir. Jadi harus kronologis, maksudnya kronologis itu diceritakan secara runtut dan tidak boleh loncat-loncat.

“a narrative (or story) is any report of connected events, presented in a sequence of written or spoken words, and/or in a sequence of (moving) pictures”.

Goal dari Narrative Text

Tujuan dari teks narrative adalah menghibur dan menarik minat pembaca. Teks narrative tidak hanya terbatas pada cerita yang berbau mistis, fiksi, legenda, dongeng ataupun fabel saja, tapi cerita lain yang berbentuk petualangan, misteri dan semua bentuk cerita. Mau tahu lebih lengkap? Baca sampai akhir ya!

Generic Structure of Narrative Text

Orientation

(Pendahuluan) di mana karakter , setting , dan waktu cerita di tetapkan . Biasanya menceritakan siapa , kapan dan dimana , Misalnya Once upon a time, there was a wolf lived in the forest.

Complication or Problem

Menceritakan awal masalah yang menyebabkan krisis (klimaks). Complication biasanya melibatkan karakter utama.

Resolution

Akhri dari cerita yang berupa solusi dari masalah. Perlu adanya resolusi dari masalah. Masalah dapat diselesaikan menjadi lebih baik atau masalah lebih buruk, bahagia atau sedih.

Reorientation

Merupakan pernyataan penutup cerita dan bersifat opsional . Bisi berisi tentang pelajaran moral, saran atau pengajaran dari penulis.

Jenis Narrative Text

Ada banyak jenis narrative text. Narrative text bisa berupa teks imajiner (khayalan), factual (fakta), atau kombinasi keduanya. Berikut ini jenis-jenis narrative text : fair story (cerita dongeng), mysteries (cerita misteri), science fiction (fiksi ilmu pengetahuan), romances (cerita romantic), horror stories (cerita horror), adventure stories (cerita petualangan), fables (dongeng hewan), myths(mitos) and legends (legenda), historical narratives (sejarah narrative), ballads, slice of life, personal experience.

Contoh Narrative Text

Cinderella

cinderella GIF

Once upon a time, there was a beautiful young girl named Cinderella. He lived with his step mother and two sisters. They were arrogant and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest job in the house, such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing food for the family. Her step sisters, on the other hand, did not work on the house. Their mother gave them many pretty dresses to wear.
One day, a king invited all girls in his kingdom to attend a ball in his palace. They were excited about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. Cinderella could not stop crying after they left.

“Why are you crying, Cinderella?” the voice asked. She looked up and saw a fairy standing beside her. Then Cinderella told her why she was crying. Well the fairy said, “you’ve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I will see that you go to the ball.” The fairy turned a pumpkin into a coach and mice into a smooth two coach man and footman then tapped Cinderella’s dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful ball gown.

Then he gave her a pair of pretty glass shoes. Now, Cinderella, she said, “you have to leave the ball before midnight”. Then he drove away a wonderful coach. Cinderella had a marvelous time either. She danced again and again with the prince. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as fast as he could do. In her hurry, one of her glass shoes left behind. A few days later, the prince declared that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass shoe.

Cinderella’s stepsisters tried on it but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the king’s page let Cinderella try the shoe. She stretched his legs and slipped the shoe on the page. It fitted perfectly. Finally, she was ushered into a magnificent palace and height. The prince were glad to see her again. They married and lived happily ever after.

Demikian pembahasan tentang narrative text sebagai referensi belajar bahasa Inggris. Daftar kelas Academic English sekarang!

Academic English
Academic English

Giphy.com, freepik.com