Dalam penulisan teks deskriptif, mereka tidak hanya menceritakan kepada pembaca apa yang dilihat, dirasakan, diuji, atau didengar. Sebaliknya, menggambarkan sesuatu dari pengalaman mereka sendiri dan melalui pilihan kata dan ungkapan yang cermat, membuatnya tampak nyata. Tulisan deskriptif pun dibuat seperti hidup, penuh warna, dan detail. Untuk lebih jelasnya, simak artikel di bawah ini sampai selesai ya!
“Descriptive is a text which describes a particular person, place or thing. The purpose is to tell about the subject by describing its features without including personal opinion.”Anderson and Anderson (2013)
Struktur Teks Deskriptif
Teks deskriptif dalam bahasa Inggris memiliki dua jenis struktur yaitu Identification (Identifikasi) dan Description (Deskripsi). Pada bagian identifikasi menjelaskan latar belakang topik yang bersifat umum. Bagian identifikasi juga biasanya berada di paragraf pertama, untuk memberi tahu pembaca hal yang akan dibahas di paragraf selanjutnya. Sedangkan bagian deskriptif menjelaskan seluruh objek yang dibahas di keseluruhan teks.
My family has four members: those are I, my sister, and parents of course. My mother is 47 years old. Her name’s Anisa. She’s thin-faced and she’s got long, blond hair and beautiful green eyes. She is still slim because she always tries to stay in shape. She is very good-looking, always well-dressed and elegant. My father, Lukman, is 5 years older than my mother. He is 52. In spite of his age he’s still black-haired, with several grey hairs. He has bright blue eyes. He is quite tall, but a bit shorter than me. He’s very hard-working. Besides that he is working in a travel company. He can even make a dinner when my mother is outside. His cooking and his meals are always very tasty as well as my mothers’.
Finally, my sister Nadina. She is 22. She is also red-haired and green-eyed. She has long wavy hair and freckles. She is definitely shorter than me. She is rather introverted. But she is very sensible, smart and co-operative. Right now she is studying English and also knows Arabic and Mandarin. I want to be so smart as she is. They all, except me, speak Sundanese very well, because we were living in
Bandung for 5 years. My sister have been going to primary school there. Unfortunately I was only 3 when we were leaving to Jakarta, so I can’t speak Sundanese. Now we are happily living in Jakarta.
Contoh kedua dari teks deskriptif yang ada di karya sastra seperti di bawah ini!
“It was a cold grey day in late November. The weather had changed overnight, when a backing wind brought a granite sky and a mizzling rain with it, and although it was now only a little after two o’clock in the afternoon the pallor of a winter evening seemed to have closed upon the hills, cloaking them in mist.”Dikutip dari Jamaica Inn