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Phrasal Verb: Pengertian, Jenis, dan Contoh Penggunaan

Phrasal Verb bahasa Inggris

Tahukah kamu?

Phrasal Verb adalah bagian penting dalam bahasa Inggris yang sering muncul di sebuah percakapan verbal atau tulisan. Jika kamu sering membaca novel berbahasa Inggris atau menonton film bahasa Inggris, ada banyak phrasal verb yang akan ditemui. Phrasal verb di sini adalah kalimat yang mengandung kata kerja lebih dari satu kata seperti “watch out”, “break out“, “pull over”, “clean up”.

Yuk belajar phrasal verb mulai dari pengertian, jenis, dan contoh penggunaannya di sini!

Phrasal Verb

Phrasal verbs adalah salah satu materi verb yang sedikit membingungkan, terutama bagi pembelajar bahasa Inggris pemula.

Menurut Oxford Languages, pengertian phrasal verb adalah:

“an idiomatic phrase consisting of a verb and another element, typically either an adverb, as in break down, or a preposition, for example see to, or a combination of both, such as look down on.”

Phrasal Verb List

Berikut ini adalah contoh jenis phrasal verb dalam bahasa Inggris yang sering muncul, beserta contohnya. Simak yaa!

ask somebody out
invite on a date
Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.

ask around
ask many people the same question
asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.

add up to something
equal
Your purchases add up to $205.32.

back something up
reverse
You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.

back somebody up
support
My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.

blow up
explode
The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.

blow something up
add air
We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.

break down
stop functioning (vehicle, machine)
Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.

break down
get upset
The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.

break something down
divide into smaller parts
Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.

break in
force entry to a building
Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.

break into something
enter forcibly
The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.

break something in
wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new
I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.

break in
interrupt
The TV station broke in to report the news of the president’s death.

break up
end a relationship
My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.

break up
start laughing (informal)
The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.

break out
escape
The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren’t looking.

break out in something
develop a skin condition
broke out in a rash after our camping trip.

bring somebody down
make unhappy
This sad music is bringing me down.

bring somebody up
raise a child
My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.

bring something up
vomit
He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.

call around
phone many different places/people
We called around but we weren’t able to find the car part we needed.

call somebody back
return a phone call
called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.

call something off
cancel
Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.

call somebody back
return a phone call
called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.

call something off
cancel
Jason called the wedding off because he wasn’t in love with his fiancé.

call on somebody
ask for an answer or opinion
The professor called on me for question 1.

call on somebody
visit somebody
We called on you last night but you weren’t home.

call somebody up
phone
Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.

calm down
relax after being angry
You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.

not care for somebody/ something
not like (formal)
I don’t care for his behaviour.

catch up
get to the same point as somebody else
You’ll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.

check in
arrive and register at a hotel or airport
We will get the hotel keys when we check in.

Contoh Kalimat Phrasal Verb dan Artinya

  • I didn’t want to bring the situation up at the meeting. (saya tidak ingin membicarakan topik ini di rapat)
  • Please can you fill this form in? (Bisakah anda mengisi dokumen ini?)
  • I’ll pick you up from the station at 8 p.m. (saya akan menjemput kamu dari stasiun pukul 8 malam)
  • She turned the job down because she didn’t want to move to Glasgow. (Dia tidak menerima tawaran pekerjaannya, karena dia tidak ingin pindah ke Glasgow)

Demikian penjelasan mengenai phrasal verb yang bisa dijadikan referensi belajar kamu. Dari ulasan di atas, kira-kira apakah kamu sudah paham penggunaan phrasal verb, fellas?

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