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Apa Itu Present Tense? Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat

lister-blog-april-2022-apa-itu-present-tense-rumus-dan-contoh-kalimat

Tata bahasa atau Grammar bahasa Inggris memang penting dikuasai pembelajar pemula, meski begitu, tugas tersebut bukanlah suatu hal yang mudah dilakukan. Terlebih jika kamu belajar mandiri, prosesnya bakalan berat!

Kecuali ada tutor yang membimbing dari dasar, pasti akan lebih mudah. Di Kelas Grammar, kamu bisa mendapatkan segala yang kamu butuhkan terkait grammar bahasa Inggris lho.

Ok! Pada pembahasan kali ini, masih bertema jenis tenses dalam bahasa Inggris. Pernah dengar jenis tenses ‘present tense’? Apa itu present tense?

Present tense dari kata present artinya saat ini, adalah tenses yang menunjuk kepada sesuatu yang saat ini sedang dilakukan. Tenses ini menerangkan suatu pekerjaan/perbuatan yang sedang dilakukan atau yang dilakukan berulang-ulang dalam waktu sekarang. Jenis tenses ini memiliki perbedaan yang kontras dengan past tenses atau future tenses.

Namun sebelum membahas lebih lanjut, kamu bisa menyimak ulasan rumus dan contoh penggunaan present tense dalam kalimat. Yuk pelajari dulu!

Baca juga: Rumus & Contoh Simple Present Tense

Rumus Present Tense

Subject + Verb
I + work every day.
You + work every day.
We + work every day.
You + work every day.
They + work every day.
Tom and Sue + work every day.

He + works every day.
She + works every day.
It + works every day.
My brother + works every day.

  1. Use the simple present to talk about habits or routines, schedules, and facts. (Gunakan simple present untuk membicarakan rutinitas, jadwal, fakta, dan kebiasaan)
    Habit or Routine: I exercise every day.
    Schedule: She starts work at eight.
    Fact: It rains a lot in April.
  2. Add -s to the verb for he, she, it, and singular subjects. (Tambahkan -s pada kata kerja yang menggunakan subject he, she, it, dan subjek tunggal)
    He drives to work.
    She works in an office.
    The bank opens at 9:00 a.m.
  3. Do not put be in front of another verb in the simple present. (Jangan letakan to be di depan kata kerja di simple present)
    ✓ He works at a bank.
    ✗ He is work at a bank

Rumus Menambahkan Huruf -S Pada Kata Kerja

Add -s to most verbs.

close–closes, love–loves, stop–stops
dance–dances, open–opens, take–takes
exercise–exercises, play–plays,write–writes
feed–feeds. put–puts, work–works

Add -es to verbs ending in -sh, -ch, -s, -x, and -z.
wash–washes, dress–dresses, buzz–buzzes
teach–teaches, relax–relaxes

Change -y to -i and add -es to verbs ending in a consonant + y.
carry–carries, copy–copies, study–studies

Contoh Kalimat Present Tense

(+) My mother is a teacher. / Ibuku adalah seorang guru.

(-) My mother is not a teacher. / Ibuku bukan seorang guru.

(?) Is your mother a teacher? / Apakah ibumu seorang guru?

Sebagai latihan pemahaman tentang materi present tense. Kamu bisa mengerjakan tugas berikut ini!

Cari tahu kalimat present tense yang ada pada teks ya!

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