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Passive Voice adalah: Pengertian, Rumus, dan Contohnya

passive voice

Passive voice adalah salah satu bentuk dalam grammar bahasa Inggris yang sering kita dengar. Tidak hanya dalam bahasa Inggris, bahasa lainnya seperti bahasa Indonesia pun memiliki struktur kalimat pasif.

Apakah kamu ingin tahu lebih lanjut tentang passive voice? Simak penjelasan berikut ini.

Apa itu Passive Voice?

Passive voice terjadi ketika si penulis atau pembicara menjadikan objek kalimat sebagai subjek kalimat. Dengan begitu, objek tersebut menjadi titik berat pada kalimat. Berbeda halnya dengan kalimat aktif, titik beratnya terletak pada subjek kalimat.

Passive voice juga dapat digunakan ketika pelaku kegiatan yang dibicarakan dalam kalimat tidak diketahui dengan jelas. Bisa juga pelaku merupakan benda mati.

Berikut dua contoh passive voice.

a. Those flowers are planted by my neighbour.

b. My bag was stolen.

Rumus Passive Voice

Tidak hanya mengubah objek menjadi subjek, penggunaan passive voice turut mengubah rumus pembuatan kalimat. Rumus-rumus berikut mengutamakan grammar (tata bahasa), sehingga kamu dapat menyesuaikan dengan kondisi yang kamu alami.

Simple Present Tense

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + is/am/are + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. She is beaten by other competitors.

b. Smoking is one of the leading causes of disease.

Simple Past

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + was/were + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. She was gone last night.

b. I was thrown to the pool last night.

Simple Future

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + will be + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. This will be made into a nice evening gown.

b. The leftovers will be eaten by stray cats.

Simple Past Future

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + would/should/ + be + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. I would be asked in this interview.

b. These pizzas should be delivered on time.

Present continuous

Berkut rumus tense ini: S + is/am/are + being + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. Those tasks are being done by himself.

b. Our used clothes are being sent for charity.

Past Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + was/were + being + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. My neighbor’s house was being robbed.

b. She was being lifted by her friends.

Future Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + will be + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. This place will be cleaned.

b. The director’s film will be released this summer.

Past Future Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + would/should + be + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. You should be promoted as a supervisor.

b. The public park should be cleaned daily.

Present Perfect Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + have/has + been + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. She has been betrayed by her own best friend.

b. This book has been translated into 5 different languages.

Past Perfect Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + had + been + Verb 3

Contohnya

a. Those kids had been well educated by their parents.

b. I had been received a letter.

Future Perfect Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + would + have + been + Verb 3

Contohnya:

a. The computer would have been hacked if they didn’t set up the new security system.

b. Those patients would have been treated.

Past Perfect Continuous

Berikut rumus tense ini: S + would/should + have + been + Verb 3

a. She should have been married to an accountant.

b. The fire would have been destroyed the house if the firefighter didn’t come on time.

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