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Pelajari Materi Soal GMAT, Lengkap Plus Penjelasan

materi soal gmat

Berencana menempuh MBA? Kamu wajib memiliki skor GMAT yang memadai. Agar dapat meraih target skor, kamu bisa mengikuti Kursus Persiapan GMAT.

Fakta GMAT Preparation menunjukkan bahwa mengerjakan latihan soal bisa meningkatkan kesiapan menghadapi tes. Dengan begitu, kamu bisa benar-benar mengalami bagaimana situasi tes sesungguhnya.

Berikut sejumlah contoh materi soal GMAT sesuai seksi yang diujikan.

Verbal Questions

Sentence Correction

1. Believed to be one of the first widely read female authors of the Western world, Christine de Pizan’s masterwork The Book of the City of the Ladies , was written in 1405 and is a history of the Western world from the woman’s point-of-view.

(A) Believed to be one of the first widely read female authors of the Western world

(B) Written by one of the first widely read female authors of the Western world

(C) One of the first widely read female authors of the Western world, as some believe

(D) Written by what some believe as one of the first widely read female authors of the Western world

(E) Believed by some as one of the first works by a widely read female author in the Western world

Answer: (B)

As written, this sentence has a misplaced modifier error: the book, The Book of the City of the Ladies isn’t believed by anyone to be an author— Christine de Pizan is. Choices (A) and (C) repeat that error and can be eliminated. Choices (B) and (D) both change the introductory phrase to clearly refer to a written work, but choice (D) uses the incorrect idiom believe as instead of the correct form, believe to be. Choice (E) repeats that idiom error.

Critical Reasoning

1. One food writer wrote that reducing the amount of animal products in one’s diet can contribute to better health and well-being. Based on this claim, some people are completely eliminating meat from their diets in order to be healthier.

The argument above relies on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Increasing the amount of vegetables and grains in one’s diet can contribute to better health.

(B) There will be no corresponding increase in the amount of dairy products in the diets of those who are eliminating meat.

(C) Most food writers believe that some amount of animal products is necessary to a healthy diet.

(D) Not all healthy lifestyles require a vegetarian diet.

(E) Many people who do not eat animal products make decisions for health reasons.

Answer: (B)

The argument states that some people are eliminating meat from their diets because reducing the amount of animal products in one’s diet can lead to better health. Meat is only one type of animal product, however. The argument assumes that by eliminating meat, the people are reducing the total amount of animal products in their diets. Choice (A) addresses increasing the amount of vegetables and grains, but the argument just deals with animal products. Choice (B) correctly addresses the people who are eliminating meat and states that those people are not increasing their consumption of dairy, which is another instance of using animal products. Thus, these people are actually reducing the amount of animal products in their diets. Choice (C) addresses most food writers, who are irrelevant to this argument. Choice (D) addresses health lifestyles, which are irrelevant to this particular argument. Choice (E) addresses the reasons behind not eating animal products, which is irrelevant to the argument.

Math Questions

Problem Solving

1. A certain company sells tea in loose leaf and bagged form, and in five flavors: Darjeeling, earl grey, chamomile, peppermint, and orange pekoe. The company packages the tea in boxes that contain either 8 ounces of tea of the same flavor and the same form, or 8 ounces of tea of 4 different flavors and the same form. If the order in which the flavors are packed does not matter, how many different types of packages are possible?

(A) 12

(B) 15

(C) 20

(D) 25

(E) 30

Answer: (C)

Begin by figuring out how many different ways you can package the tea in boxes that contain 8 ounces of tea, all of the same flavor. There are five flavors, each flavor can come in either loose leaf or bagged form, so 5 flavors x 2 forms = 10 different ways to package the tea in boxes that contain only one flavor each. Now find the number of different ways to package 4 different flavors of the same form per box. In this case, you must choose 4 of 5 possible flavors, and order does not matter, so the formula is 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 ⁄ 4 x 3 x 2 x 1 = 5 different ways to combine the 4 flavors. Each combination can come in either loose leaf for bagged form, so you have 2 different forms x 5 different combinations = 10 total possible ways to combine the 4 flavors in either bagged or loose-leaf form. Thus, the total number of combinations is 10 + 10 = 20 total combinations. The answer is choice (C).

Sample Data Sufficiency

2. What is the value of x ⁄ 2 ?

(1) x is 1 ⁄ 5 less than 9 ⁄ 10

(2) x is between 2 ⁄ 5 and 4 ⁄ 5

(A) Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient.

(B) Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient.

(C) BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient.

(D) EACH Statement ALONE is sufficient.

(E) Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient to answer the question asked, and additional data are needed.

Answer: (A)

Statement (1) allows you to find the value of x, so you can answer the question. (If x is 1 ⁄ 5 less than 9 ⁄ 10 , then 9 ⁄ 10 – 1 ⁄ 5 = x. 1 ⁄ 5 = 2 ⁄ 10 , so x equals 9 ⁄ 10 – 2 ⁄ 10 = 7 ⁄ 10 . If x equals 7 ⁄ 10 , then x ⁄ 2 = 7 ⁄ 10 divided by 2, or 7 ⁄ 20 .) Statement (1) is sufficient, so eliminate choices (B), (C), and (E). According to statement (2), x is between 2 ⁄ 5 and 4 ⁄ 5. That means that one possible value for x is 3 ⁄ 5 , but another possible value is 7 ⁄ 10 . Statement (2) is insufficient, so the answer is choice (A).

Integrated Reasoning

Item 1: Andre is buying gifts for his office staff. He wants to spend exactly $280 and he can buy either sweatshirts, which cost $22, or baseball caps, which cost $26.

In the table below, choose the number of sweatshirts and the number of baseball caps that Andre should buy.

SweatshirtsBaseball CapsNumber to Buy
(A)(A)4
(B)(B)5
(C)(C)6
(D)(D)7
(E)(E)8
(F)(F)9

Essay Prompt

Analysis of an Argument

The following appeared as part of a medical advertisement in a magazine.

A new medical test that allows the early detection of a particular disease will prevent the deaths of people all over the world who would otherwise die from the disease. The test has been extremely effective in allowing doctors to diagnose the disease six months to a year before it would have been spotted by conventional means.

Discuss how logically convincing you find this argument. In explaining your point of view, be sure to evaluate the line of reasoning and the use of evidence in the argument. For example, it may be necessary to consider what questionable assumptions underlie the thinking and what other explanations or counterexamples might weaken the arguments conclusion. You can also discuss what kind of evidence would strengthen or refute the argument, what changes in the argument would make it more logically persuasive, and what, if anything, would enable you to better evaluate its conclusion.