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Perbedaan Paragraf Deduktif dan Induktif Beserta Contohnya

paragraf deduktif induktif

Tahukah kamu apa perbedaan paragraf deduktif dan induktif? Pengetahuan ini penting dipahami, baik untuk membaca maupun menulis karya tulis.

Jika kamu belum memahami perbedaan di antara kedua jenis paragraf tersebut, simak artikel ini sampai tuntas, ya.

Paragraf Deduktif

Paragraf deduktif dimulai dengan gagasan utama atau ide pokok. Kemudian diikuti dengan gagasan pendukung untuk mengembangkan ide pokoknya.

Gagasan pendukung dapat berupa argumen, contoh, atau motivasi. Strukturnya berkembang dari makro ke mikro, dimulai dari menjelaskan gambaran besar dan dikembangkan ke gagasan secara spesifik.

Jenis paragraf deduktif umum ditemui dalam tulisan akademis dan jenis yang mungkin paling familiar kamu temui.


Ciri-ciri utama jenis paragraf ini yaitu diawali dengan gagasan pokok. Artinya, kamu dapat menemukan ide pokok yang dibahas dalam kalimat awal paragraf.

Ciri-ciri berikutnya yaitu kalimat-kalimat yang mengikuti kalimat ide pokok adalah kalimat pendukung. Mereka bertujuan memperjelas atau menguatkan gagasan pokok.


Berikut ini dua contoh paragraf deduktif.

Contoh 1

It is known as Interactive Museum of Economics to an institution that promotes financial education and knowledge related to the economy as part of the general culture. It is a non-profit organization whose main promoter was the Bank of Mexico. The board of directors conceived the project in 2001. It has the support of other private institutions and uses the former convent of the Betlemitas as its headquarters.

Contoh 2

There are some ways for students to earn money. First, they work in some place. We can manage the time for it. For example, we get home from school at 1 pm, and from 2 pm until 4 pm we are working in some places. So, although we are working in some places, we can also do homework. Second, we make some efforts like businessman. We can sell something like food, drinks, books, and many more. Finally, teach someone who is younger than us such as pre-school students, kindergarten students, senior high school students, and many more.

Paragraf Induktif

Paragraf induktif awalnya membicarakan hal-hal secara umum dan diakhiri dengan kalimat ide pokok atau gagasan utama. Ada beberapa alasan penulis memilih menggunakan paragraf semacam ini, misalnya pembaca membutuhkan gambaran sebelum masuk ke topik utama yang hendak dibicarakan.

Alasan lainnya adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca dengan alasan-alasan logis sebelum masuk ke kesimpulan. Dengan begitu, awalnya argumen disampaikan sebelum gagasan dijelaskan di akhir.


Ciri-ciri yang tampak dalam paragraf induktif adalah kalimat yang disampaikan awalnya lebih mikro dan spesifik. Kemudian beranjak ke kesimpulan yang lebih makro dan universal.

Gagasan pendukung disampaikan di awal paragraf. Kemudian baru di akhir dituliskan kesimpulan.


Berikut ini dua contoh paragraf induktif.

Contoh 1

In the morning I did not feel like cooking, so I went out to buy breakfast. I considered buying bread and sausages at the bakery below, but decided to take a walk and study my options. There was a lady in the market selling a combo of 2 empanadas and a juice. Further on there was a cafeteria, there were baked chicken pies and pies. Then I stumbled upon a small restaurant that serves continental breakfasts. Finally I decided to go to the bakery to buy bread and sausages, so I would spend less money.

Contoh 2

The planet Earth is the only home we have. There is no evidence that it is possible to migrate to some corner of the galaxy in the coming decades. The treatment we have given our homes is regrettable; pollution, the indiscriminate felling of trees, oil spills in the oceans. All these aspects deteriorate the state and balance of planet Earth. The biggest contradiction is that by destroying the Earth we destroy the only place where we can live. So it is time to become aware and do everything possible to remedy the damage that has already been done, to save ourselves.

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kelas bahasa asing Lister